June 28-30, 2023 International conference “The China – Russia – Africa(s) triangle” Mohammed V University of Rabat MOROCCO

October 18-20, 2023 International scientific conference “Diplomacy and literature” Piraeus/GREECE
21 September 2023

June 28-30, 2023 International conference “The China – Russia – Africa(s) triangle” Mohammed V University of Rabat MOROCCO

International colloquium

The China – Russia – Africa(s) triangle: what are the challenges for the France – Europe – Africa(s) triangle?

June 28, 2023 at Mohammed V University in Rabat

The Institute of Applied Geopolitics Studies (Iega), the Center for Analysis and Foresight on Africa (CAP-Afriques) and the Faculty of Legal, Economic, Social Sciences –of the Mohammed V University of Rabat


The multifactorial crises that punctuate international relations, particularly since the end of the Cold War, are likely to shake the international system inevitably imposing a de facto multipolar world. What follows is a shift in the world towards new geopolitical dynamics of which the rise of China and Russia in Africa is one of the manifestations and even one of the causes.

Once privileged and historical partners of African states, France and Europe, caught up by the facts, must now renegotiate their strategic positioning in this continent. This situation imposes on Africa the opportunity and the constraint of making choices between different competing partnership models. Furthermore, Chinese influence has been carefully constructed. China promotes both bilateral relations and deals with African regional economic communities.

Russia is in a race for its strategic positioning in Africa. The Russia-Africa Summit and Economic Forum is a “weapon” of the Russian diplomatic offensive. Furthermore, Egypt, the Republic of Congo, Uganda and Ethiopia are a tangible example of geostrategic positioning in Africa and a message tending to demonstrate that Russia maintains its position on the international scene despite numerous sanctions from Europe and its allies.

From the above, several questions deserve to be addressed, which affect trilateral relations: cooperation between China, Russia and Africa, what are the challenges for the France – Europe – Africa triangle? What is the real economic impact of these partnership relations in Africa? Did Africa demonstrate rationality and pragmatism towards its partners? How can it take better advantage of these partnership offers? These are some of the questions that this conference aims to answer.

Africa turns to the East: Western domination called into question

The underside of a new South-South strategic turning point.

Mohieddine Hadhri

International Expert Consultant


The beginning of the 21st century saw profound global geopolitical upheavals marked by the return of Russia, the emergence of China and India, as well as other countries as new major players on the scene. world. It is these three large Asian countries to which are added Brazil and South Africa which now constitute the famous BRICS, a new grouping of emerging powers which some consider as a new pole of development and economic prosperity. worldwide.

At a time when our planet is subject to an unprecedented acceleration of political upheavals (Ukrainian War) and technological progress, to a globalization of phenomena and economic issues, this study aims to shed multiple light on the future mutations of these new strategic upheavals resulting from the rise of Asia at the level of the African continent. In particular, it is a question of questioning the relations between Africa and the BRICS countries and the chances of seeing the development of more balanced relations of complementarity and economic cooperation.

Indeed, the African continent as a whole has continued to attract the interest of China and India in recent years. This is evidenced by the expansion of trade relations to unprecedented levels between China, Japan and South Korea, and African countries with the multiplication of trade agreements, migratory flows particularly from China. It is worth mentioning here the increasingly visible establishment of new Chinese communities in many African countries as well as in most sub-Saharan countries such as Nigeria, Ivory Coast or Angola etc.

this paper which is part of Axis 2 of the conference analysis of the attractiveness of Africa and its geopolitical and politico-economic issues will question the consequences of globalization on South-South relations on the scale of the Arab World and the Mediterranean, drawing on the literature and theoretical postulates of South-South regional integration.

With his in-depth knowledge of contemporary geostrategic realities, the author will also question the African future in the face of the rise of Asia by asking the question of whether Africa will be able to catch up with the locomotive of Asian growth.